Has Mother nature grown sick over Wildlife Poaching and humans pathetically lame attempts at protecting Elephants and ending the Ivory trade Industry?
An increasing number of African elephants are now born without tusks because poachers have consistently targeted Elephants over past decades, and as nature often does to protect a species it will adapt to circumstances.
In some areas 98 per cent of female elephants now have no tusks, researchers have said, compared to between two and six per cent born tusk-less on average in the past.
96 Elephants a day are killed to satisfy the lust that China and Vietnam have for ivory. While certain other countries contributed to almost a third of Africa’s elephants that have been illegally slaughtered by poachers in the past ten years.
Countries like the United States in the past few years have done a good job of eliminating loopholes in old laws and creating new legislation that has almost eliminated the sale of ivory.
Unlike most countries that have taken the threat of Elephant extinction seriously, China and Vietnam only give it lip service or pass regulations that looks like it has been printed on Swiss cheese.
Instead of Vietnam and China slowing the Ivory trade, their "NEW" regulations has only created a booming Ivory industry, particularly in China.
Joyce Poole is head of the charity Elephant Voices and has been tracking developments in the species for more than 30 years. She told The Times she had seen a direct correlation between the intensity of poaching and the percentage of females born without tusks in some of the herds she mentored.
In Gorongosa National Park in Mozambique, 90 percent of elephants were slaughtered between 1977 and 1992, during the country's civil war. Dr Poole said that because poachers disproportionately targeted tusked animals, almost half the females over 35 years of age have no tusks, and although poaching is now under control and the population is recovering well, they are passing the tusk-less gene down to their daughters: 30 per cent of female elephants born since the end of the war also do not have tusks.
“Females who are tusk-less are more likely to produce tusk-less offspring,” she said.
The most striking example is in the Addo Elephant National Park in South Africa, where 98 per cent of female elephants have no ivory. Big game hunters there had killed all but 11 elephants by the time the park was created in 1931. Four of the eight surviving females were tuskless.
In 2008, scientists found that even among elephants that remained tusked, the tusks were smaller than in elephants' a century before – roughly half their previous size.
Although not having tusks may protect elephants from poaching, it not ideal.
“Tusks are used to dig for food and water, to dig up trees and branches and move them around, for self-defense and for sexual display," the BBC reported.
“Conservationists say an elephant without tusks are a crippled elephant."